LinguiSystems home
100%® Language Primary
Ages: 5-9   Grades: K-4

The content of this book is entirely ready-to-use practice activities for classroom language skills.  Target reasoning, sequencing, cause and effect, problem solving, and inferencing. 


  • Improve skills in reasoning, sequencing, cause and effect, problem solving, opinions, and inferencing
  • Become skilled communicators


Add to Cart
** This is a Cloud E-Book that is accessible from any device with Internet access. .

The 100% Series boost language performance with:

  • a broad scope of skills
  • developmental hierarchy of activities
  • lots of content on every page

100% Language Primary helps students understand and use language more effectively.  The lessons are organized into six language skill areas.  Each skill area consists of 24 one-page activities with teaching suggestions, a progress chart, and a family letter.  The skill areas and lessons within them are organized in developmental order. 

  • Reasoning
    Answer wh- and yes/no questions and make predictions that require basic reasoning.  Visual supports are provided initially and then gradually fade away.
  • Sequencing
    Learn the vocabulary of sequencing.  Improve patterning, following directions, and the sequencing of stories and events. 
  • Cause & Effect
    After an introduction to cause and effect situations, students practice identifying and explaining cause and effect.
  • Problem Solving
    Use language skills to identify, understand, solve, and avoid problems.
  • Opinions
    Practice expressing opinions, preferences, and ideas.
  • Inferencing
    Apply prior knowledge to new information and make a reasonable deduction.

Copyright © 2001

184 pages, answer key
  • Reasoning and critical thinking are necessary skills for competence across the curriculum.  They require students to examine, relate, and analyze all aspects of a problem or situation.  Students engaged in critical thinking must make associations that connect problems with their prior knowledge (Pellegrini, 1995).
  • Reasoning skills encourage critical thinking and meta-awareness of internal thought processes.  Reasoning skills support students' logical judgments based on conscious reflection and sensitivity to multiple viewpoints (Little, 2002).
  • Students should cite the evidence they used to draw conclusions in order to make the implicit process [of making inferences] more explicit (Borné, Cox, Hartgering, & Pratt, 2005).
  • Explicitly teaching and reinforcing inference-making leads to better outcomes in overall text comprehension, text engagement, and metacognitive thinking (Borné, Cox, Hartgering, & Pratt, 2005).
  • Effective vocabulary instruction strategies actively engage the student and require higher-level cognitive processing.  These strategies include: using new words in novel sentences based on connections to prior knowledge, identifying synonyms and antonyms, analyzing word features, and using visual aides (Kester-Phillips, Foote, & Harper, 2008).

100% Language Primary incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.


Borné, L., Cox, J., Hartgering, M., & Pratt, E. (2005). Making inferences from text [Overview]. Dorchester, MA: Project for School Innovation.

Kester-Phillips, D.C., Foote, C.J., & Harper, L.J. (2008). Strategies for effective vocabulary instruction. Reading Improvement, 45(2), 62-68.

Little, C. (2002). Reasoning as a key component of language arts curricula. The Journal of Secondary Gifted Education, 13(2), 52-59.

Pellegrini, J. (1995). Developing thinking and reasoning skills in primary learners using detective fiction. Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute, 1. Retrieved June 4, 2009, from


Patti Halfman


Patti Halfman, M.A., CCC-SLP, is a speech-language pathologist who spends her work day talking with LinguiSystems customers.  Before joining the staff of LinguiSystems, Patti worked in various school settings helping children in preschool through high school.

This is Patti's second publication with LinguiSystems.  She is also co-author of Scissors, Glue, and Vocabulary, Too!


Do your students struggle with language tasks?  Do they experience difficulty mastering, or even acquiring, basic language skills?  If so, they are undoubtedly frustrated with our complex language.  Unfortunately, they may begin to experience problems in other areas as well such as self-expression, decision-making, social development, reading, and math.  However, if you can head trouble off at the pass, the road to success will be much smoother for your students.  100% Language Primary is full of ready-to-use activities designed to help you do just that.  Once your students learn these skills and begin to understand and use language more effectively, they will become more successful in other areas as well.

100% Language Primary is divided into six language areas that progress in difficulty throughout each unit:

  • Reasoning
  • Sequencing
  • Cause & Effect
  • Problem Solving
  • Opinions
  • Inferencing

Each unit includes the following components:

The overview offers a brief description of the unit, additional suggestions for introducing the unit and using the activity pages, and expansion activities to help you provide opportunities for your students to generalize what they've learned.

Progress Chart
The progress chart is a tool you can use to keep track of the activities a student has completed and record any comments you might have on his performance.  

Activity Pages
Activities 1-20 progress in difficulty throughout each unit.  You'll notice that some of these pages contain pictures.  Occasionally the pictures will give the student a clue to the answer; however, they generally do not provide answers to the questions.  Rather, they are included on the page for students who benefit from visual cues to trigger their thought processes.  The pictures may also be beneficial when working with ESL students or students who have a more limited vocabulary.  Pages requiring the same language skill but without pictures are always provided.

Activities 21-24 in each unit are picture scenes.  I've included these scenes in order to provide students with a more theme-based approach in which to apply the learned skills.  The questions on these pages incorporate various levels of language comprehension that students have practiced earlier in the unit.  As a result, keep in mind that younger students may not be able to respond to some of the more complex questions.  Additionally, for older students, you may choose to reword some of the less-challenging questions to increase their difficulty.  You may also want to ask additional questions not provided on these pages.

The activities are designed for one-on-one or classroom use with students ages five through nine, grades K through four.  Many of the activity pages can be presented orally, and students will be able to give their answers verbally or by using gestures (pointing).  For activities requiring written work, students will need a pencil or a crayon and occasionally a pair of scissors.  Additional materials are needed for one page in the Sequencing unit.  Look at the materials list at the top of the page before presenting this activity.

Family Letter
A family letter has been provided for each unit telling parents and caregivers what the child has been learning.  There are also some activity ideas for family members to use to help the student continue practicing a particular skill at home.

As you work through the units in 100% Language Primary, you may notice that there are some similarities across language areas.  This is because the targeted language skills are not pure in themselves, but rather, they build one upon the other.  I've attempted to separate the tasks enough so that students can focus on one area of language at a time, thereby strengthening it to improve their overall language.

I hope you and your students enjoy this simple approach to improving language comprehension.