Workbook of Activities for Language and Cognition
These time-tested exercises train the underlying processes of language with tasks that gradually progress in difficulty.
- Improve processing of auditory, graphic, and visual information
- Improve word retrieval and functional language
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Written in the best-selling format of the WALC series, these activities have:
- easy-to-read format
- simple, concise language
- application to a wide range of acquired language disorders
- consistent progression of complexity within and between tasks
Activities are organized by five skill areas:
Matching and Identification
Tasks begin simply, with single, more concrete items and progress to more complex tasks. The tasks are receptive. Clients match shapes, letters of the alphabet, and words. Then, they match written words, phrases, and sentences to pictures.
Clients follow oral and written directions requiring comprehension of body parts, objects, prepositions (e.g., over, out), and adjectives (e.g., heaviest, shortest).
These activities target deficits in comprehension and expression. Clients choose words and supply words to complete word pairs, familiar phrases, and synonyms. Other tasks include matching words to simple definitions and clues; naming items by word class; and supplying item functions and descriptions.
The client either listens to, or reads a sentence, and answers simple wh- questions. The questions require one-, two-, and three-word responses. Yes/no questions about object functions progress from simple (e.g., Do boats float?) to more complex and abstract (e.g., Is a road wider than a sidewalk?). Comparison, before/after, and simple reasoning questions round out the activities.
These activities build on the previous units by increasing the complexity and content level. Questions may have more than one right answer or require expression of opinions. Tasks include cloze phrase and sentence completion, open sentence completion, paragraph comprehension, paragraph fill-in-the-blanks, predicting from a short story, and formulating short stories.
Copyright © 2002
- Communication, both verbal and nonverbal, is a fundamental human need. Meeting this need by facilitating and enhancing communication in any form can be vital to a patient's well-being (NSA, 2005).
- Rehabilitation is an important part of recovering from a stroke, and the goal is to regain as much independence as possible (NSA, 2005).
- In an extensive review of the literature, Holland, Fromm, DeRuyter, and Stein (1996) found aphasia treatment to be efficacious and that it benefited the majority of individuals with aphasia in comparison to no treatment groups.
- Therapy should include tasks that focus on semantic processing, including semantic cueing of spoken output, semantic judgments, categorization, and word-to-picture matching (Taylor-Goh, 2005).
- Therapy may target the comprehension and production of complex, as well as simple, sentence forms (Taylor-Goh, 2005).
WALC 1 Aphasia Rehab incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.
Holland, A.L., Fromm, D.S., DeRuyter, F., & Stein, M. (1996). Treatment efficacy: Aphasia. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 39, S27-S36.
National Stroke Association (NSA). (2005). Clinical guidelines for stroke rehabilitation and recovery. Retrieved August 13, 2009, from www.nhmrc.gov.au/publications/synopses/_files/cp105.pdf
Taylor-Goh, S. (2005). Royal college of speech & language therapists: Clinical guidelines. United Kingdom: Speechmark.