Workbook of Activities for Language and Cognition
Improve orientation, memory, organization, problem solving, reasoning, and written expression with this compilation of functional activities. Clients improve the way they process information and respond appropriately to the world around them.
- Improve orientation and memory
- Make gains in organization and problem solving
- Comprehend abstract language
- Improve functional written expression
Convenient, ready-to-use activities are supplemented with suggestions for further activities for caregivers and patients. The activities are organized into these skill areas:
Activities target orientation to environment, temporal and spatial orientation, and orientation to immediate and past events. Response formats include multiple-choice questions, yes/no questions, and open questions.
Clients practice immediate recall of digit sequences, related and unrelated word sequences, and information in functional reading activities.
Clients sequence the steps in everyday tasks and categorize words.
Verbal Problem Solving
Improve judgment and problem solving ability by discussing problems encountered in the areas of medical, safety, household, daily living, financial, and community living. The questions are written in an open-ended format to encourage discussion.
Includes activities to help clients understand figurative language. Improve social interactions with practice in the expression of personal feelings and interpretation of others' emotions.
Begin with tracing and copying the alphabet and progress through copying and writing letters, phrases, and sentences.
Copyright © 2003
- Evidence exists for the effectiveness of several forms of cognitive rehabilitation for people with stroke (remediation of language and perception after left and right hemisphere stroke, respectively) and traumatic brain injury (remediation of attention, memory, functional communication, and executive functioning) (Cicerone et al., 2000).
- There is evidence that individuals with aphasia who receive speech and language treatment have significantly better outcomes than those individuals with aphasia who do not receive treatment (Hickin, Best, Herbert, Howard, & Osborn, 2003).
- The training of general and specific personal compensatory strategies is an important functional approach to cognitive-communication intervention (Hartley, 1995).
- Processes of attention form the foundation for all other cognitive processes, including those necessary for accurate information processing and storage. Attention is necessary for memory processing and for linguistic and nonlinguistic perception and comprehension (Hartley, 1995).
- Speech-language pathologists' roles in treatment of individuals with cognitive-communication disorders include training discrete cognitive processes, teaching specific functional skills, and developing compensatory strategies and support systems (ASHA, 2005).
- Attention and language processing interact in aphasia (Helm-Estabrooks & Albert, 2004).
WALC 5 Neuro Rehab incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). (2005). Roles and responsibilities of speech-language pathologists in diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of individuals with cognitive-communication disorders [Position Statement]. Retrieved March 26, 2009, from www.asha.org/policy
Cicerone, K., Dahlberg, C., Kalmar, K., Langenbahn, D., Malec, J., Bergquist, T., . . . Morse, P.A. (2000). Evidence-based cognitive rehabilitation: Recommendations for clinical practice. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 81(12), 1596-1615.
Hartley, L.L. (1995). Cognitive-communicative abilities following brain injury: A functional approach. San Diego: Singular Publishing Group, Inc.
Helm-Estabrooks, N., & Albert, M.L. (2004). Manual of aphasia and aphasia therapy (2nd ed.). Austin, TX: PRO-ED, Inc.
Hickin, J., Best, W., Herbert, R., Howard, D., & Osborn, F. (2003). Therapy for word finding difficulties in aphasia: Measuring the impact on real-life communication. Proceedings of the Fifth European Congress of CPLOL.