Teach analogies in a hierarchy and help students learn word relationships. When they master the last activity, they'll know ten ways to think about word meanings.
- Detect word relationships to complete analogies
- Improve language-based thinking
Students learn to discriminate word relationships with this hierarchy of activities and games. The three card decks are arranged in order of difficulty by grade level. Each card deck contains 52 partial analogies (or 26 complete analogies when pairs of cards are matched by the same type of word relationship) and two wild cards. The cards within each deck are arranged in order of vocabulary difficulty level.
Students match and complete analogies based on ten types of word relationships:
|A Part Of||Location|
|A Kind Of||Tells the Use|
Use the cards in this hierarchy of games and activities:
- Classify the Partial Analogy
Match partial analogies (e.g., trunk is to tree) to the relationship between the two words on the card (A Part Of).
- Match the Partial Analogy Cards
Find cards with analogies based on the same word relationship (e.g., trunk is to tree, and mane is to horse are examples of "A Part Of" word relationships).
- Memory Game
Play Memory using partial analogy cards that can be combined to make complete analogies.
- Complete the Analogy
Select a partial analogy card, identify the type of word relationship the card shows, and complete the analogy either verbally or in written form.
- Card Game for Analogy Completion
Earn points by completing as many analogies as possible until all of the analogies in the deck have been completed.
- Read and Complete
The cards are sorted into pairs of complete analogies. The complete analogies are read, leaving one word out (fire is to hot as ice is to _____). The student must verbally fill in the blank to complete the analogy.
- Pick Four
Identify a group of four words (word lists are provided in the instructions) which could be used to form an analogy.
- Go Fish
Ask for cards by stating the desired word relationship e.g., "Do you have a card that has synonyms?" or "Do you have a card that goes with kind is to nice?"
Copyright © 2004
- Children with language disorders showed significant improvement on direct intervention and instruction in analogical reasoning (Masterson & Perrey, 1999).
- Effective vocabulary instruction strategies engage the student and require higher-level cognitive processing. These strategies include using new words in novel sentences based on connections to prior knowledge, identifying synonyms and antonyms, analyzing word features, and using visual aids (Kester-Phillips, Foote, & Harper, 2008).
- Students need to understand semantic connections among words. It may be necessary to target understanding of basic concepts that underpin the vocabulary required to access the curriculum (Taylor-Goh, 2005).
- Association is a powerful way of connecting new vocabulary to well established vocabulary (Bromley, 2007).
Analogy Card Games incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.
Bromley, K. (2007). Nine things every teacher should know about words and vocabulary instruction. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 50(7), 528-537.
Kester-Phillips, D.C., Foote, C.J., & Harper, L.J. (2008). Strategies for effective vocabulary instruction. Reading Improvement, 45(2), 62-68.
Masterson, J.J., & Perrey, C.D. (1999). Training analogical reasoning skills in children with language disorders. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 8, 53-61.
Taylor-Goh, S. (2005). Royal college of speech & language therapists: Clinical guidelines. United Kingdom: Speechmark.