Do you have children with autism who can read words well beyond their grade level but don't have any comprehension of what they just read? That's hyperlexia, the ability to read words but with an apparent lack of comprehension.
- Learn 100 sight words
- Turn fluent readers into readers who comprehend what they read
- Understand events, settings, and characters in text
- Use these comprehension strategies: identify details and main idea, create visual images, sequence stories, sequence events, and find specific information in text
Strengthen the comprehension of children with hyperlexia with this program that uses their strength of visual learning. Children learn to create visual images at the word and sentence level in a predictable format. Sight words and sentences are taught with accompanying Boardmaker symbols and line illustrations.
The program consists of a storybook with twenty stories divided into two difficulty levels; 576 sight word/symbol/picture cards; and a dictionary. The 288 sight words are adapted frorm a list found in The Reading Teacher's Book of Lists as well as those commonly found in many children's literature books.
Level 1 teaches sight word vocabulary comprehension. Ten simple stories each target 10-12 sight words. Children learn to create visual images for the sight words using the sight word cards (words are displayed with picture symbols only and with text only). The sight word visual images are associated with written text in rebus-type stories that feature strong visual supports.
Level 2 contains 10 higher-complexity stories to help children practice these critical reading comprehension skills:
- looking for details in a picture—identify items and details in a picture and answer questions about the picture
- creating visual images of vocabulary words—associate picture symbols with new vocabulary in the story
- creating visual images of sentences—match visual images to sentences in the story
- finding specific information in a text—answer wh- questions using picture prompts
- sequencing events in a story—put three pictures in the correct story sequence
- finding the main idea—choose the best picture for the story and choose the title that matches the picture
The Dictionary helps students organize new words by connecting them to previously learned words. Each word in the dictionary can be looked up for the meaning (text definition) and for the category (picture format). Words are listed alphabetically and organized into 39 categories.
Copyright © 2003
Today was our first day using the The Basic Reading Comprehension Kit for Hyperlexia and Autism program and Autism/PDD Picture Stories and Language Activities. It went very well and my student was so engaged. And I have never heard him verbalize so much on his own! He loved the pictures and the repetition. I wish we could have been doing this all along!
Rebecca Stroh, Teacher
I am a teacher of students on the autism spectrum and I have been using your Basic Reading Comprehension Kit for Hyperlexia and Autism this year. I am loving it!
Lisa Stucker, Teacher
- Speech-language pathologists should enhance access to literacy and academic instruction for individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASHA, 2006).
- For children with hyperlexia, use reading skills as a primary means of developing language. Teach reading comprehension specifically. Use written and visual models, as well as patterned language and fill-in-the-blank sentence forms (Kupperman, 1997).
- Text comprehension can be improved by instruction that helps readers use specific comprehension strategies, such as monitoring comprehension, using graphic and semantic organizers, answering questions, generating questions, recognizing story structure, and summarizing (NIFL, 2003).
- Students need to understand semantic connections among words (Taylor-Goh, 2005).
The Basic Reading Comprehension Kit for Hyperlexia and Autism incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). (2006). Roles and responsibilities of speech-language pathologists in diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of autism spectrum disorders across the life span. [Position Statement]. Retrieved March 16, 2009, from www.asha.org/policy.html
Kupperman, P. (November 1997). Precocious reading skills may signal hyperlexia. Brown University Child & Adolescent Behavior Letter, 13, 1-4.
National Institute for Literacy (NIFL). (2003). Put reading first: The research building blocks for teaching children to read. Retrieved March 16, 2009, from www.nifl.gov/nifl/publications.html
Taylor-Goh, S. (2005). Royal college of speech & language therapists: Clinical guidelines. United Kingdom: Speechmark.