Students add variety to their written language and expressive language as they learn the basics of formulating compound and complex sentences.
- Recognize and use correct grammar in speaking and writing
- Boost reading comprehension
- Identify simple, compound, and complex sentences
- Use a variety of sentence styles in expressive language
The effective lessons feature:
- clear explanations of simple and complex sentence forms
- appealing one-page lessons with plenty of practice activities
- simple sentence structure and vocabulary with easy readability
- step-by-step progression in difficulty to build success and motivation
- a pretest/posttest
Activities begin with a brief review of simple and compound subjects and predicates and noun-verb agreement. Students then learn about conjunctions that connect dependent and independent clauses to form complex sentences. Students should be able to identify simple, compound, and complex sentences and transform one type of sentence into another after they complete these lessons.
You may purchase Spotlight on Grammar Compound and Complex Sentences individually or as part of the 6-book Spotlight on Grammar set. The 6-book set consists of:
Copyright © 2006
- In contrast to spoken language, written language is a more concrete, permanent modality for working on sentence structure (ASHA, 2001).
- A study by Feng and Powers (2005) found that grammatical mini-lessons targeting students' error patterns resulted in improved short- and long-term accuracy.
- Children with language disorders often struggle with expository text and produce shorter and grammatically simpler sentences (Nippold, Mansfield, & Billow, 2007).
- Speech-language pathologists should scaffold their instruction of syntactic structures to help students express complex thoughts coherently (Nippold, Mansfield, & Billow, 2007).
- Students need to understand sentence grammar and whole-text cohesion. They should learn phrasal and clausal structures and how to combine them to make complex sentences (National Curriculum for English, 2003).
Spotlight on Grammar Compound and Complex Sentences incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). (2001). Roles and Responsibilities of Speech-Language Pathologists With Respect to Reading and Writing in Children and Adolescents [Guidelines]. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from www.asha.org/policy
Feng, S., & Powers, K. (2005). The short- and long-term effect of explicit grammar instruction on fifth graders' writing. Reading Improvement, 42(2), 67-72.
National Curriculum for English. (April, 2003). Information flow: Sentence structure & importance. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/dick/tta/sentstruc/teach.htm
Nippold, M.A., Mansfield, T.C., & Billow, J.L. (2007). Peer conflict explanations in children, adolescents, and adults: Examining the development of complex syntax. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 16, 179-188.