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Spotlight on Grammar Nouns
Ages: 8-11   Grades: 3-6

Nouns may be one of the basic parts of speech but many students find them difficult to grasp.  These lessons use simple sentence structure, vocabulary, and readability to help students master the concept of nouns.

Outcomes

  • Recognize and use correct grammar in speaking and writing
  • Boost reading comprehension
  • Identify nouns and know the types of nouns
Book
#31810
$14.95
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The activities feature:

  • simple, clear explanations of noun concepts
  • appealing one-page lessons with plenty of practice activities 
  • step-by-step progression in difficulty to build success and motivation
  • a pretest/posttest

The lessons begin with identifying nouns and finding nouns in sentences.  Students learn to recognize and use these kinds of nouns:

  • common and proper
  • concrete and abstract
  • collective and compound
  • plural and irregular plural
  • possessive and plural possessive
  • exact or specific (versus general)

You may purchase Spotlight on Grammar Nouns individually or as part of the 6-book Spotlight on Grammar set.  The 6-book set consists of:

Spotlight on Grammar Adjectives and Adverbs

Spotlight on Grammar Compound and Complex Sentences

Spotlight on Grammar Nouns

Spotlight on Grammar Pronouns

Spotlight on Grammar Simple Sentences

Spotlight on Grammar Verbs

 

Copyright © 2006

Components
40 pages, pretest/posttest, answer key
  • In contrast to spoken language, written language is a more concrete, permanent modality for working on sentence structures (ASHA, 2001).
  • Grammar instruction should be salient and functional for students to use these targeted forms in everyday conversations (Fey, Long, & Finestack, 2003).
  • Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) should scaffold their instruction of syntactic structures to help students express complex thoughts coherently (Nippold, Mansfield, & Billow, 2007).
  • Children with language disorders often struggle with expository text and produce shorter and grammatically simpler sentences (Nippold, Mansfield, & Billow, 2007).

Spotlight on Grammar Nouns incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.

References

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). (2001). Roles and responsibilities of speech-language pathologists with respect to reading and writing in children and adolescents. Retrieved January 13, 2011, from www.asha.org/docs/pdf/GL2001-00062.pdf

Fey, M.E., Long, S.H., & Finestack, L.H. (2003). Ten principles of grammar facilitation for children with specific language impairments. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 12, 3-15.

Nippold, M.A., Mansfield, T.C., & Billow, J.L. (2007). Peer conflict explanations in children, adolescents, and adults: Examining the development of complex syntax. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 16, 179-188.

Author(s)

Carolyn LoGiudice, Kate LaQuay

Biography

Carolyn LoGiudice, M.S., CCC-SLP, was a speech-language clinician in school, clinic, and private settings before joining LinguiSystems in 1984.  She has co-authored many materials with LinguiSystems, including The WORD Test 2, No-Glamour Vocabulary Cards, The Test of Semantic Skills (TOSS-P and TOSS-I), 100% Grammar, and 100% Punctuation.

Kate LaQuay, J.D., became part of LinguiSystems' extended family more than 20 years ago when her mother, Carolyn LoGiudice, joined the company.  Now a mother herself, Kate has co-authored several LinguiSystems products, including U.S. History A Reading Comprehension Book, U.S. Government A Reading Comprehension Game, and Spotlight on Vocabulary Levels 1 and 2.  Previously, she practiced law for six years in Los Angeles.

Introduction

By itself, "grammar" is not an engaging topic for students.  You won't hear them spontaneously discuss the function of an adjective vs. an adverb.  Students don't get excited about linking verbs.  Most adults outside the academic arena even shy away from grammar, especially now that our computers can check our grammar for reports or other writings.  Even so, effective speakers and writers need to understand and use grammar as a sharp tool to express their thoughts.  Grammar rules help us modify a message for a target audience.  We even break some rules on purpose to be more casual.

Some say the most practical reason to teach grammar in school is to help students score well on tests.  That practice, while pragmatic, ignores the lifelong benefits of solid grammar skills.  We make snap judgments when we meet people.  These impressions are based on communication style as much as appearance and background knowledge.  When all we know about someone is what that person has written, as in many emails, grammar and writing style are even more important.

How, then, do we entice students to master basic grammar well enough to apply it in their conversation and their writing?

  • First, teach the grammar concept or rule.  Highlight a specific grammar point.
  • Then, give your students practice, practice, practice.
  • Incorporate the grammar concept in both oral and written activities.
  • Spotlight the concept as your students encounter it in textbooks, Internet articles, school announcements, and classroom interaction.
  • Demonstrate both correct and incorrect use of the grammar concept.  Talk about the impact of the concept on a message's listener or reader.  Often a message is clearer when it is grammatically correct.  Incorrect grammar can also distract from the meaning or desired effect of a message.

The goals of Spotlight on Grammar are: 

  • to help students recognize and utilize correct grammar in their speaking and writing
  • to boost students' reading comprehension by understanding the role of grammar

All six books in Spotlight on Grammar concentrate on basic grammar concepts typically mastered by students in fifth grade.  Use the Pretest/Posttest to determine your students' specific strengths and weaknesses.  The activities within each book are sequenced by general complexity.  Sentence structure, vocabulary, and readability are kept simple to keep students' energies focused on the grammar concept vs. reading comprehension.

Spotlight on Grammar Nouns presents information about various types of nouns and the capitalization rules for them.  Students need to understand noun in order to understand pronoun and then progress to identifying the subject of a sentence.

Here are additional activities to supplement the content of this book.

  • Present part of a popular song or poem.  Work with your students to highlight and replace each noun.  Here is an example based on "Raindrops on Roses" from The Sound of Music, written by Oscar Hammerstein II and Richard Rodgers:

    Raindrops on roses and whiskers on kittens
    Sugar on cereal and catsup on hot dogs

    Bright copper kettles and warm woolen mittens         
    Bright copper pennies and warm woolen slippers

    Brown paper packages tied up with strings                
    Brown paper lunch bags tied up with yarn

    These are a few of my favorite things.                          
    These are a few of my favorite nouns.
  • Have your students list as many nouns as they can that go with a given topic, such as the classroom, sports, or a current learning topic.  For enrichment, talk about verbs or adjectives that go with these nouns.
  • Encourage your students to make new nouns for imagined inventions, products, or school programs.  Ask your students to explain the rationale for each new noun.  If time allows, have them illustrate their new nouns before they present the reasoning behind their created names.
  • You will encounter nouns within this book that can also function as verbs, such as lie or promise.  Take advantage of natural teaching opportunities as you spot them to demonstrate the enormous flexibility (hence, complexity!) of the English language.
  • What if English had genders for nouns, as many other languages do?  Have your students work in small groups to create a gender for the same list of nouns and then present their labeling to the class, explaining their reasoning.  This is a fun way to give your students extra practice with curriculum words.  The more they think about, see, write, and hear these words, the more easily they will store them efficiently in their vocabulary banks.

We hope Spotlight on Grammar Nouns is a big hit with you and your students!

Carolyn and Kate