Workbook of Activities for Language and Cognition
Verbal and visual reasoning are interrelated. These exercises "tease" out the integral parts and stimulate reasoning skills.
- Improve thought organization, convergent reasoning, and logic
- Understand abstract language
- Improve visual reasoning
Written in the best-selling format of the WALC series, these activities have:
- simple, concise language
- easy-to-read formats
- application to a wide range of acquired cognitive-language disorders
- consistent progression of complexity within and between tasks
- processes of reasoning
The tasks are divided into verbal reasoning and visual reasoning.
- Emotions and Personal Situations: reason and talk about emotions, self-concept, opinions, family interactions, friendship, and conversation skills
- Idioms and Proverbs: recognize when something is literal or abstract and look for different meanings in what is heard
- Categorization: name objects by category, provide categories and subcategories, add members to categories, and recognize categorization in the context of sentences
- Convergent Reasoning: differentiate facts and opinions; solve word puzzles, deduction puzzles, and acrostics; and answer logic questions
- Analogies: fill in missing parts to complete analogies
- Paragraph Comprehension: make accurate inferences about stories
- Visual Analogies: complete picture and figural analogies of increasing complexity
- Visual Figure-Ground: locate figures and shapes within the whole and parts within a whole
- Visual Sequencing: identify visual changes and sequence items by those changes
- Visual Closure and Reasoning: identify missing and salient features, choose figures to complete an image, make visual inferences, and identify incongruities in pictures
- Drawing: higher level tasks for vocational purposes include drawing figures to scale and sketching floor plans
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- Communication, both verbal and nonverbal, is a fundamental human need. Meeting this need by facilitating and enhancing communication in any form can be vital to a patient's well-being (NSA, 2010).
- Rehabilitation is an important part of recovering from a stroke, and the goal is to regain as much independence as possible (NSA, 2010).
- Therapy should be conducted within natural communication environments (NSA, 2010).
- Therapy should include tasks that focus on semantic processing, including semantic cueing of spoken output, semantic judgments, categorization, and word-to-picture matching (Taylor-Goh, 2005).
WALC 9 Verbal & Visual Reasoning incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.
National Stroke Association (NSA). (2010). Clinical guidelines for stroke management 2010. Retrieved March 28, 2011, from www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/file/publications/synopses/cp126.pdf
Taylor-Goh, S. (2005). Royal college of speech & language therapists: Clinical guidelines. United Kingdom: Speechmark.