Teach the skill of comparing and contrasting in a variety of unique verbal and visual contexts. Students practice strategies and learn to apply them to their everyday thinking and decision making.
- Improve language-based thinking and problem solving
- Consider experiences, review choices, explain answers, and apply what is learned to real-life situations
- Compare and contrast a variety of objects and human traits
Build basic reasoning skills with step-by-step instruction and activities designed to build on success. Start by teaching students the vocabulary of comparing and contrasting (i.e., words such as alike, different, similar, shape, location). Then, use the one-page activities to teach students to:
- tell how things are alike and different
- identify what belongs and doesn't belong in a group
- compare by characteristics
- identify similarities
The book is written in the proven success format of the Spotlight Series with:
- activities sequenced by complexity
- visual cues that are gradually faded
- skills defined in student-friendly terms
- a variety of curricular and daily living topics
- simple sentence structure and vocabulary so students can focus on learning the concepts
- minimal writing requirements in the beginning activities
- a pretest/posttest
You may purchase Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Comparing & Contrasting individually or as part of the 6-book Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving set. The 6-book set consists of:
Copyright © 2007
- Reasoning skills encourage critical thinking and meta-awareness of internal thought processes. Reasoning skills support students' logical judgments based on conscious reflection and sensitivity to multiple viewpoints (Little, 2002).
- Reasoning and critical thinking are necessary skills for competence across the curriculum. They require students to examine, relate, and analyze all aspects of a problem or situation. Students engaged in critical thinking must make associations that connect problems with their prior knowledge (Pellegrini, 1995).
- Questioning is the core of critical reflection. It prompts students to engage in a research process that fosters higher-order thinking skills and social-moral attitudes (Daniel et al., 2005).
- Explicitly teaching and reinforcing inference-making leads to better outcomes in overall text comprehension, text engagement, and metacognitive thinking (Borné, Cox, Hartgering, & Pratt, 2005).
Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Comparing & Contrasting incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.
Borné, L., Cox, J., Hartgering, M., & Pratt, E. (2005). Making inferences from text [Overview]. Dorchester, MA: Project for School Innovation.
Daniel, M.F., Lafortune, L., Pallascio, R., Splitter, L., Slade, C., & de la Garza, T. (2005). Modeling the development process of dialogical critical thinking in pupils aged 10 to 12 years. Communication Education, 54(4), 334-354.
Little, C. (2002). Reasoning as a key component of language arts curricula. The Journal of Secondary Gifted Education, 13(2), 52-59.
Pellegrini, J. (1995). Developing thinking and reasoning skills in primary learners using detective fiction. Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute, 1. Retrieved April 8, 2009, from http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1995/1/95.01.05.x.html