Build basic reasoning skills with step-by-step instruction in six crucial areas.
The activities are designed to build success at every level.
- Improve language-based thinking and problem solving in these domains: causes and effects, comparing and contrasting, facts and opinions, making predictions and inferences, sequencing, and solving problems
Students become purposeful, active thinkers as they focus on one thinking strategy at a time. Each book targets a specific reasoning and problem solving skill and develops metacognitive thinking with:
- activities sequenced by complexity
- visual cues that are gradually faded
- skills defined in student-friendly terms
- a variety of curricular and daily living topics
- simple sentence structure and vocabulary so students can focus on learning the concepts
- minimal writing requirements at the beginning levels
- a pretest/posttest
The books may be purchased individually or as a 6-book set. The 6-book set consists of:
Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Causes & Effects
Students understand that actions have consequences and that things don't "just happen." There's a reason for the outcomes. This book also explores multiple causes and preventing harmful effects.
Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Comparing & Contrasting
This book presents one of the most basic of language and thinking skills through unique visual and verbal activities.
Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Facts & Opinions
These activities help your students separate truth from opinion and decipher messages based on their intentions.
Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Making Predictions & Inferences
Help your students piece together information, step-by-step, to make informed and correct inferences and predictions.
Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Sequencing
This basic building block of logical and critical thinking is presented in its simplest forms first and progresses to multi-step and narrative-based sequences.
Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Solving Problems
Students learn to approach problems systematically and flexibly. Strategies and visual maps help them plan solutions to simple and more complex problems.
Copyright © 2007
- Reasoning skills encourage critical thinking and meta-awareness of internal thought processes. Reasoning skills support students' logical judgments based on conscious reflection and sensitivity to multiple viewpoints (Little, 2002).
- Reasoning and critical thinking are necessary skills for competence across the curriculum. They require students to examine, relate, and analyze all aspects of a problem or situation. Students engaged in critical thinking must make associations that connect problems with their prior knowledge (Pellegrini, 1995).
- Questioning is the core of critical reflection. It prompts students to engage in a research process that fosters higher-order thinking skills and social-moral attitudes (Daniel et al., 2005).
- Explicitly teaching and reinforcing inference-making leads to better outcomes in overall text comprehension, text engagement, and metacognitive thinking (Borné, Cox, Hartgering, & Pratt, 2005).
Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.
Borné, L., Cox, J., Hartgering, M., & Pratt, E. (2005). Making inferences from text [Overview]. Dorchester, MA: Project for School Innovation.
Daniel, M.F., Lafortune, L., Pallascio, R., Splitter, L., Slade, C., & de la Garza, T. (2005). Modeling the development process of dialogical critical thinking in pupils aged 10 to 12 years. Communication Education, 54(4), 334-354.
Little, C. (2002). Reasoning as a key component of language arts curricula. The Journal of Secondary Gifted Education, 13(2), 52-59.
Pellegrini, J. (1995). Developing thinking and reasoning skills in primary learners using detective fiction. Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute, 1. Retrieved April 8, 2009, from http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1995/1/95.01.05.x.html