LinguiSystems home
Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving 6-Book Set
Ages: 6-12   Grades: 1-7         

Build basic reasoning skills with step-by-step instruction in six crucial areas. 
The activities are designed to build success at every level. 

Outcomes

  • Improve language-based thinking and problem solving in these domains: causes and effects, comparing and contrasting, facts and opinions, making predictions and inferences, sequencing, and solving problems
Book
#31835
$89.70
Add to Cart
CD*
#32835
$89.70
Add to Cart
*The CD contains the complete book.  All pages are printable.
** This is a Cloud E-Book that is accessible from any device with Internet access. .

Students become purposeful, active thinkers as they focus on one thinking strategy at a time.  Each book targets a specific reasoning and problem solving skill and develops metacognitive thinking with:

  • activities sequenced by complexity
  • visual cues that are gradually faded
  • skills defined in student-friendly terms
  • a variety of curricular and daily living topics
  • simple sentence structure and vocabulary so students can focus on learning the concepts 
  • minimal writing requirements at the beginning levels
  • a pretest/posttest

The books may be purchased individually or as a 6-book set.  The 6-book set consists of:

Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Causes & Effects
Students understand that actions have consequences and that things don't "just happen."  There's a reason for the outcomes.  This book also explores multiple causes and preventing harmful effects.

Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Comparing & Contrasting
This book presents one of the most basic of language and thinking skills through unique visual and verbal activities.

Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Facts & Opinions
These activities help your students separate truth from opinion and decipher messages based on their intentions.

Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Making Predictions & Inferences
Help your students piece together information, step-by-step, to make informed and correct inferences and predictions.

Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Sequencing
This basic building block of logical and critical thinking is presented in its simplest forms first and progresses to multi-step and narrative-based sequences. 

Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving Solving Problems
Students learn to approach problems systematically and flexibly.  Strategies and visual maps help them plan solutions to simple and more complex problems.

 

 Copyright © 2007

Components
6-Book Set: each book 40 pages, pretest/posttest, answer key
  • Reasoning skills encourage critical thinking and meta-awareness of internal thought processes.  Reasoning skills support students' logical judgments based on conscious reflection and sensitivity to multiple viewpoints (Little, 2002).
  • Reasoning and critical thinking are necessary skills for competence across the curriculum.  They require students to examine, relate, and analyze all aspects of a problem or situation.  Students engaged in critical thinking must make associations that connect problems with their prior knowledge (Pellegrini, 1995).
  • Questioning is the core of critical reflection.  It prompts students to engage in a research process that fosters higher-order thinking skills and social-moral attitudes (Daniel et al., 2005).
  • Explicitly teaching and reinforcing inference-making leads to better outcomes in overall text comprehension, text engagement, and metacognitive thinking (Borné, Cox, Hartgering, & Pratt, 2005).

Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.

References

Borné, L., Cox, J., Hartgering, M., & Pratt, E. (2005). Making inferences from text [Overview]. Dorchester, MA: Project for School Innovation.

Daniel, M.F., Lafortune, L., Pallascio, R., Splitter, L., Slade, C., & de la Garza, T. (2005). Modeling the development process of dialogical critical thinking in pupils aged 10 to 12 years. Communication Education, 54(4), 334-354.

Little, C. (2002). Reasoning as a key component of language arts curricula. The Journal of Secondary Gifted Education, 13(2), 52-59.

Pellegrini, J. (1995). Developing thinking and reasoning skills in primary learners using detective fiction. Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute, 1. Retrieved April 8, 2009, from http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1995/1/95.01.05.x.html

Author(s)

Paul Johnson, Carolyn LoGiudice

Biography

Paul F. Johnson, B.A., and Carolyn LoGiudice, M.S., CCC-SLP, are editors and writers for LinguiSystems.  They have collaborated to develop several publications, including Story Comprehension To Go, No-Glamour Sequencing Cards, and Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension.  Paul and Carolyn share a special interest in boosting students' language, critical thinking, and academic skills.

In their spare time, Paul and Carolyn enjoy their families, music, gourmet cooking, and reading.  Paul, a proud father of three children, also enjoys bicycling, playing music, and spending rare moments alone with his wife, Kenya.  Carolyn is learning to craft greeting cards and spoil grandchildren.

Introduction

Reasoning and problem solving are not simply life skills, they are quality of life skills.  Throughout our lives, the abilities to reason and solve problems are the difference between succeeding or failing in academic pursuits, making good and bad everyday decisions, and improving or destroying social relationships.

The world assumes we come to it with well-developed reasoning and problem-solving skills, but that is not always the case.  Because of language delays and other factors, many students lack basic skills to achieve positive outcomes in academic and everyday living situations.

The goal of Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving is to build skills, step-by-step, using a focused instructional approach.  The situations students will use for practice in these books are ones many of them have faced or will face throughout their lives.  We support the approach that Richard Paul suggests in his landmark 1990 book, Critical Thinking:

". . . because we can form new ideas, beliefs, and patterns of thought only through the scaffolding of our previously formed thought, it is essential that we learn to think critically in environments in which a variety of competing ideas are taken seriously."  (page xv)

Before students can reach and approach the kind of proficiency Paul describes, they must fully understand and master the building blocks of reasoning and problem solving.  Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving presents six crucial areas for developing the language-based thinking skills that, when mastered, provide students with the tools to become better thinkers and problem solvers:

  • Causes & Effects
  • Comparing & Contrasting
  • Facts & Opinions
  • Making Predictions & Inferences
  • Sequencing
  • Solving Problems

Most students will benefit from working through each book from beginning to end.  Even if a student's proficiency is beyond the initial activities presented, the feeling of success he experiences by mastering them will motivate him to approach the more challenging activities that follow with confidence.

We hope you and your students enjoy working through these books together, and we are certain that with your guidance, your students' reasoning and problem-solving skills will improve with each completed page.

Paul and Carolyn