Workbook of Activities for Language and Cognition
Clients focus on their strengths to identify memory strategies that work, then practice and apply their memory strategies to new contexts.
- Identify the client's preferred memory system
- Use memory strategies to follow directions and recall information
WALC 10 Memory begins with a series of activities to determine the client's dominant coding system (visual, auditory, and kinesthetic). Clients recognize memory strategies they already use and the value of learning new ones. The rest of the book focuses on learning and practicing memory strategies. The lessons are organized by these memory strategies:
Word/Mental Picture Associations
Recall information using associations such as part/whole, category, action/agent (e.g., wrapping/present), attributes, and location.
Chaining Word Lists
Create chains of word associations and recall lists of information.
Following Written and Oral Directions
Follow two- and three-step directions. Make mental images of what the directions request and then carry them out.
Recalling Boxed Information
Clients study the placement of shapes, numbers, and words in boxes and code it for later recall.
First Letter Mnemonics
Take the first letter of each word in a list of words and create a new word from those letters.
Word List Retention
Clients develop mental flexibility as they practice memory strategies with the added factors of inclusion (e.g., Which words were first and last in the list?) and exclusion (e.g., Which ones are not soft?).
Associated Visual Pairs
Associate two visual items and then recall one of the items using a memory/coding strategy.
Clients practice coding people's names to their faces.
Memory for Numbers and Sentences
Learn strategies for recalling number sequences and lengthy sentences.
Develop associations between objects, between people and objects, and between people and places.
Memory for Shapes and Pictures
Clients use various memory strategies to name, duplicate, and answer questions about shapes and pictures.
Sorting and Remembering Categories
Code and recall words and pictured items by creating categories for them.
Functional Memory Tasks
Read or listen to messages, directions, paragraphs, and informative articles and recall pertinent information.
Memory and Mental Manipulation
Clients remember words and repeat them back in a variety of ways including backwards, alphabetically, in order of size, etc.
Copyright © 2007
- Intervention should address processing varied types of information in various activities and settings (e.g., ability to attend to, perceive, organize, and remember verbal and nonverbal information, including social cues, reasoning, and problem solving) (ASHA, 2004).
- Communication, both verbal and nonverbal, is a fundamental human need. Meeting this need by facilitating and enhancing communication in any form can be vital to a patient's well-being (NSA, 2005).
- Therapy should include tasks that focus on semantic processing, including semantic cueing of spoken output, semantic judgments, categorization, and word-to-picture matching (Taylor-Goh, 2005).
- Therapy may target the comprehension and production of complex, as well as simple, sentence forms (Taylor-Goh, 2005).
- Therapy should be conducted within natural communication environments (NSA, 2005).
- Rehabilitation is an important part of recovering from a stroke. The goal is to regain as much independence as possible (NSA, 2005).
WALC 10 Memory incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). (2004). Preferred practice patterns for the procession of speech-language pathology. Retrieved March 12, 2010, from www.asha.org/docs/pdf/PP2004-00191.pdf
National Stroke Association (NSA). (2005). Clinical guidelines for stroke rehabilitation and recovery. Retrieved March 12, 2010, from www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/file/publications/synopses/cp105.pdf
Taylor-Goh, S. (2005). Royal college of speech & language therapists clinical guidelines. United Kingdom: Speechmark.