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Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2
6-Book Set
Ages: 11-Adult   Grades: 6-Adult         

Students become purposeful, active readers as they develop six research-based reading comprehension skills.  The content is designed to appeal to older students reading below grade level.

Outcomes

  • Build confidence in struggling readers
  • Detect the main idea, identify details, and think about vocabulary and semantics of reading passages
  • Develop specific reading comprehension skills
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CD*
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*The CD contains the complete book.  All pages are printable.
** This is a Cloud E-Book that is accessible from any device with Internet access. .

Each book has 11 reading lessons with three levels of controlled readability: 4.0-4.9, 5.0-5.9, and 6.0-6.9.  Each lesson consists of  a one-page, illustrated reading passage and two pages of reading comprehension questions for learning the targeted skill area, detecting the main idea, identifying details, and thinking about the vocabulary and semantics in the passage.     

The reading comprehension questions are similar to those found on classroom and national reading comprehension tests.  Questions challenge students to think about the reading passage and use reasoning skills.  Most of the questions are multiple-choice with some true/false and oral response questions and a writing activity.

Each book targets a specific reading comprehension skill.  The books may be purchased individually or as part of the 6-book Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 set.  The 6-book set consists of:

Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 Fact & Opinion
Students analyze what they read and determine important information and differentiate fact from personal opinion. 

Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 Figurative Language
Context clues and well-framed questions help students understand figurative language. 

Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 Making Inferences & Drawing Conclusions
Students learn to read between the lines and make logical inferences and conclusions about what they read. 

Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 Paraphrasing & Summarizing
Students choose correct summary statements and rephrase statements from reading passages. 

Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 Problem Solving
Use higher-order thinking skills to problem solve situations in stories.  Questions require students to reason, predict, infer, and think flexibly. 

Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 Understanding Everyday Information
Read and comprehend everyday written text such as detailed weather reports, informational brochures, written rules, correspondence, and more. 

 

Copyright © 2007

Components
6-Book Set: each book 40 pages, answer key
  • Explicitly teaching and reinforcing inference-making leads to better outcomes in overall text comprehension, text engagement, and metacognitive thinking (Borné, Cox, Hartgering, & Pratt, 2005).
  • Summarization is a skill that helps students identify main ideas, generalize what they've read, and recall information needed to answer comprehension questions (NRP, 2000).
  • Instruction in comprehension can help students understand, remember, and communicate with others about what they read (NIFL, 2003).
  • Teacher questioning improves students' learning from reading because it gives them a purpose for reading, focuses their attention on what they are to learn, helps them think actively as they read, encourages them to monitor their comprehension, and helps them review content and relate what they've learned to what they already know (NIFL, 2003).
  • Effective listening strategies include (NCLRC, 2004):
    - listening for details and main ideas
    - summarizing
    - predicting
    - recognizing word-order patterns
    - drawing inferences

Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.

References

Borné, L., Cox, J., Hartgering, M., & Pratt, E. (2005). Making inferences from text [Overview]. Dorchester, MA: Project for School Innovation.

National Capital Language Resource Center (NCLRC). (2004). Strategies for developing listening skills. Retrieved June 15, 2009, from www.nclrc.org/essentials/listening/stratlisten.htm

National Institute for Literacy (NIFL). (2003). Put reading first: The research building blocks for teaching children to read. Retrieved June 15, 2009, from www.nifl.gov/nifl/publications.html

National Reading Panel (NRP). (2000). Teaching children to read: An evidence-based assessment of the scientific research literature on reading and its implications for reading instruction-Reports of the subgroups. Retrieved June 15, 2009, from http://www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/nrp/upload/smallbook_pdf.pdf

Author(s)

Paul F. Johnson, Carolyn LoGiudice

Biography

Paul F. Johnson, B.A., and Carolyn LoGiudice, M.S., CCC-SLP, are editors and writers for LinguiSystems.  They have collaborated to develop several publications, including Story Comprehension To Go, No-Glamour Sequencing Cards, and Spotlight on Reasoning & Problem Solving.  Paul and Carolyn share a special interest in boosting students' language, critical thinking, and academic skills.

In their spare time, Paul and Carolyn enjoy their families, music, gourmet cooking, and reading.  Paul, a proud father of three children, also enjoys bicycling, playing music, and spending rare moments alone with his wife, Kenya.  Carolyn is learning to craft greeting cards and spoil grandchildren.

Introduction

Spotlight on Reading Comprehension was developed in 2005 to provide controlled reading materials for improving both overall and specific comprehension skills.  Six separate books present passages with readabilities that vary from grades 2.0 through 4.9 along with follow-up comprehension questions.  Each book focuses on one of these key reading comprehension skills:

  • characters & actions                            
  • making inferences & drawing conclusions
  • comparing & contrasting                      
  • paraphrasing & summarizing
  • figurative language & exclusion         
  • sequencing & problem solving

Requests for a similar approach to reading comprehension skill-building that would be more appealing to older students has resulted in Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2.  Not only are the readabilities of the passages increased in this series, but the content and visual elements are designed to appeal to older students reading below grade level.

Each book includes stories and comprehension questions for detecting the main idea, identifying details, and thinking about the vocabulary and semantics in the passage.  In addition, each book includes comprehension questions for a specific skill area.  The six books are:

  • Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 Fact & Opinion
  • Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 Figurative Language
  • Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 Making Inferences & Drawing Conclusions
  • Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 Paraphrasing & Summarizing
  • Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 Problem Solving
  • Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 Understanding Everyday Information 

The readability of the passages is controlled, based on the Flesch-Kincaid readability statistics.  These statistics were revised in 2002; the new statistics yield a higher grade level in most cases than the previous ones.  The range in readability is from grade levels 4.0 through 6.9.  Each book includes 11 passages with the following readability ranges:

          Passages 1-3             Readability 4.0-4.9

          Passages 4-7             Readability 5.0-5.9

          Passages 8-11           Readability 6.0-6.9

The question pages for each passage also ask students to formulate questions about what they have read.  The last task for each passage is a related writing prompt.

Use these passages for groups of students or individuals.  Photocopy the material so each student has a copy.  Encourage your students to highlight or underline key information as they read each passage and to jot down any questions they have.

Research proves that repeated readings improve reading comprehension and that three reads are usually sufficient repetition for a student to grasp the content, assuming a passage is at or below the student's reading competency level.  We recommend training students to read a passage three times for adequate comprehension before trying to answer the comprehension questions.

The reading comprehension questions are similar to those found on classroom and national reading comprehension tests.  Have your students read each possible answer for the multiple-choice questions before they select their answers.

As you present information to your students, model your own reading comprehension strategies.  Talk about ways to rescan a passage to find key information and other tips that will help your students improve their reading competence and confidence.

We hope you will find Spotlight on Reading & Listening Comprehension Level 2 a welcome resource to help students understand and find satisfaction in what they read.

Paul and Carolyn