Based on current treatment research, these materials readily adapt to the therapy approach you use for your students with CAS.
- Produce phonemes from different classes of sounds in increasingly longer utterances
- Improve intelligibility of speech
- Learn/reinforce meaningful vocabulary
SPARC for Childhood Apraxia of Speech incorporates functional words, organized in groups based on sound production, to keep students motivated.
Individualize therapy by selecting the sounds that have the greatest effect on intelligibility. Each phoneme includes:
- warm-up exercises – the target sound combined with short and long vowels in CV, VC, CVCV, and VCVC syllables
- words with illustrations
- phrases with illustrations
- short sentences with illustrations
- 2- to 3-syllable words with illustrations – the target sound is shown in all word positions
- generalization activities with illustrations
SPARC for Childhood Apraxia of Speech is a pick-up-and-use therapy material that has ample opportunities for successful verbalization. It easily adapts to your technique and your students' needs.
Copyright © 2013
- Increased frequency and practice of target speech sounds lead to better performance and greater generalization (Edeal & Gildersleeve-Neumann, 2011).
- Mass practice supports initial learning of a motor skill while distributed practice supports generalization of learned behaviors (Hall, Jordan, & Robin, 2007; Strand & Skinder, 1999). SPARC for Childhood Apraxia of Speech supports this practice by first practicing one sound in drill and then practicing multiple sounds on the carryover pages.
- Repetitive practice is an integral component of treatment for clients with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). One of the fundamental principles of motor learning is the need for a large number of repetitions of the same behavior in the same context (Hall et al., 2007).
- Speech sound intervention should facilitate correct productions across word positions and linguistic units (Bernthal & Bankson, 2004).
SPARC for Childhood Apraxia of Speech incorporates these principles and is based on expert professional practice.
Bernthal, J.E., & Bankson, N.W. (2004). Articulation and phonological disorders. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Edeal, D.M, & Gildersleeve-Neumann, C. (2011). The importance of production frequency in therapy for childhood apraxia of speech. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 20, 95-110. doi: 10.1044/1058-0360(2011/09-0005)
Hall, P., Jordan, L., & Robin, D. (2007). Developmental apraxia of speech: Theory and clinical practice (2nd ed.). Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.
Strand, E., & Skinder, A. (1999). Treatment of developmental apraxia of speech: Integral stimulation methods. In A. Caruso & E. Strand (Eds.), Clinical management of motor speech disorders in children (pp. 109-148). New York, NY: Thieme.