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Autism & PDD Photo Cards Answering WHAT Questions
Ages: 3-11   Grades: PreK-6

Reduce your students' reliance on scripted answers and teach them to answer a wide range of what questions like pros.

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#35030
$89.95
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Autism & PDD Photo Cards Answering WHAT Questions is a unique photo card intervention tool.  The 240 cards include therapy-rich instructions you can use in structured tasks or less-structured games.  Question forms vary by grammatical features (present progressive, third person singular, and past tense) as well as by descriptive features (prepositions, attributes, and functions).

  • Present Progressive (70 cards) — What is she eating?
  • Third-Person Singular (34 cards) — What hops?
  • Past Tense (34 cards) — What did she bake?
  • Prepositions (34 cards) — What is on the bed?
  • Attributes (34 cards) — What is big?
  • Functions (34 cards) — What do we use for cutting?

Many questions are repeated with differing answers to aid in generalization and reduce scripted responses to a single question.  Suggested therapy activities are included on each instruction card to promote generalization.

Each card has an uncluttered, full-color, real-life photo to help your students attend to the visual photo cue as well as the verbal prompts on the back of the card.  The verbal prompts guide the student in a gradual, progressive, learning hierarchy that adds additional cues as needed to answer the question.  Throughout the activities, a natural way of asking questions is modeled in an effort to teach more natural conversation skills to children with autism spectrum disorder.

Students answer questions to provide information and to maintain conversation.  When questions go unanswered, communication breakdowns occur and social reciprocity is severed.  By not responding to questions, children with autism spectrum disorder sabotage their social opportunities with peers.  End this cycle with this high-value, therapeutically-sound tool.

 

Copyright © 2014

Components
240 5" X 7" double-sided, full-color, coated picture/stimuli cards; 6 instructor cards
  • Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) need a systematic approach to understanding questions.  This includes teaching a particular question type multiple times with visual and verbal prompting (Zambolin, Fabrizio, & Isley, 2004).
  • In order for children with ASD to participate in an integrated classroom with typically-developing peers, children with ASD need to comprehend literacy questions targeted in the language arts curriculum.  Teaching children with ASD how question forms affect the answer will assist them in participating in classroom discussions and coursework (Constable, Grossi, Moniz, & Ryan, 2013).
  • Therapy aimed at fostering the development of age-appropriate communication skills and ability-appropriate language comprehension and language use will improve the child's level of functioning (Taylor-Goh, 2005).
  • Based on the core challenges of individuals with ASD, the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) suggests intervention goals that focus on expanding word knowledge and use to include action words and more complex grammar (ASHA, 2006).

Autism & PDD Photo Cards Answering WHAT Questions incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.

References

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). (2006). Guidelines for speech-language pathologists in diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of autism spectrum disorders across the life span. Retrieved May 2, 2014, from www.asha.org/docs/html/gl2006-00049.html

Constable, S., Grossi, B., Moniz, A., & Ryan, L. (2013). Meeting the common core standards for students with autism. Teaching Exceptional Children, 45(3), 6-13.

Taylor-Goh, S. (2005). Royal college of speech & language therapists: Clinical guidelines. United Kingdom: Speechmark.

Zambolin, K., Fabrizio, M., & Isley, S. (2004). Teaching a child with autism to answer informational questions using precision teaching. Journal of Precision Teaching and Celebration, 20(1), 22-25.

Author(s)

Jennifer Benoliel

Biography

Jennifer Benoliel, M.S., CCC-SLP, earned her master's degree in Speech and Hearing Sciences at the University of Washington in 1996.  She practiced in public schools and then in a private pediatric clinic for 12 years before starting Benoliel Speech and Language, PLLC in 2008.  She specializes in the assessment and treatment of preschool and school-age children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and motor speech impairments.  To meet the needs of her younger patients with ASD, Jennifer developed Autism & PDD Photo Cards Wh- Questions (2007), Autism & PDD Photos Wh- Questions Interactive Software (2008), Autism & PDD Photo Cards Verb Tense Questions (2008), and Autism & PDD Photo Cards Asking Questions (2011).  Autism & PDD Photo Cards Answering WHAT Questions is her fifth publication with LinguiSystems.  Jennifer and her husband live near Seattle with their two children.

Introduction

Learning to answer questions is a critical skill for language development.  Children must answer questions not only to provide information, but also to maintain conversation.  When questions go unanswered, communication breakdowns occur and social reciprocity is severed.  While adults can accommodate for this disruption in communication, children often will terminate the interaction altogether.  By not responding to questions, children with autism spectrum disorder may be sabotaging the social opportunities that are essential for developing their communication skills with peers.

Some of the earliest question forms children learn to answer are WHAT questions.  Learning to correctly respond to these questions is complicated by the variety of what questions they hear.  Often children with autism spectrum disorder look for patterns of response or memorize answers to questions.  When a single what question can require such a variety of responses, using scripted or memorized language is not an effective strategy for answering these questions.

Autism & PDD Photo Cards Answering WHAT Questions is designed to provide children with many opportunities to answer a wide range of what questions.  Question forms vary by grammatical features (e.g., present progressive, third person singular, past tense) as well as by descriptive features (e.g., prepositions, attributes, functions).  Many questions are repeated with differing answers to aid in generalization and reduce scripted responses to a single question.  Suggested therapy activities are offered on each instruction card to promote generalization.  As with the other Autism & PDD Photo Card sets in the series, photos of children and animals are used to gain attention, and unnecessary backgrounds are removed to reduce distractions.

Please note that some subject and verb combinations do not agree in the Prepositions and Attributes sections.  For example, the question "What's red? (the flowers)" should read, "What are red?"  While grammatically accurate, "What are red?" sounds unnatural and is not the way most people speak.  I chose to make the adjustment to "What's red?" in an effort to teach more natural conversational skills to children with autism spectrum disorder.